Understanding where washroom systems should be placed and knowing the technical requirement for these systems will assist you in complying with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and with the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG).
In general, ADAAG requires that toilet facilities comply with the requirement found in ADAAG Section 4.22. According to ADAAG Section 4.22.7., if controls, dispensers, receptacles or other equipment are provided in a toilet facility, then at least one of each of these items must be located on an accessible route and comply with the requirements of ADAAG Section 4.27.
Enacted in 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal civil rights law granting equal rights to persons with disabilities. Title III of the ADA ensures that two types of buildings – places of public accommodation and commercial facilities – do not create or maintain any barrier to access for individuals with disabilities.
This information is designed to provide an overview of the ADA requirements governing washroom systems (As published in the Title III regulations [28 CFR Part 36, revised July 1, 1994] issued by the U.S. Department of Justice), such as toilet tissue, paper towel and soap dispensers.
This information is not intended as a substitute for the ADA, the regulations that interpret the ADA, or the advice of counsel. The ADA does not preempt, and this information does not address state, local laws, or building codes that may require more stringent accessibility modifications. This information is not intended to be a comprehensive guide to all ADA requirements that apply to washrooms. A complete guide to washrooms can be found at www.ada.gov.